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 Homage to Comrade Chou En-lai*

Homage to Comrade Chou En-lai*

Resolution adopted by the Central Committee of CPI(M)

*Published in 'People's Democracy', Calcutta, February 8, 1976. Refer Document under Appendix (Xl) of this Volume which contains the Government's order banning Condolence Meeting on Comrade Chou En-lai, called in Calcutta on January 16, 1976.

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), with deep grief, pays its homage to Comrade Chou En-lai, an outstanding leader of the Communist Party of China and of the world Communist movement, a guiding star of the Great Chinese Revolution and an architect of New China. As a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau and Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and Chairman of the People's Council (Premier) and of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Comrade Chou En-lai played an inestimable role in lifting up China from its abysmal backwardness to a strong and powerful Socialist Power which could wrest its recognition from the imperialists and its rightful place in the United Nations and in the Security Council.

Comrade Chou En-lai's whole life was dedicated to the revolutionary cause of the emancipation of the Chinese people and of the working class movement.

As a student in Nankai University in Tienstin, Comrade Chou En-lai, at the age of 21, participated in a student rebellion in 1919, now known as the May 4th Movement, and was imprisoned for five months.

Soon after his release he left for France for his studies and there founded in 1922 the Communist Youth League which was given affiliation by the Communist Party of China formed in 1921.

While he was in Paris, Comrade Chou En-lai was elected to the Central Executive Committee of the Kuomintang and 0n coming back to China in 1924, he joined the Whampoa Military Academy in Canton and soon became the Deputy Director of its Political Department.

In 1927, at the time of the Northern Expedition to suppress the warlords, Comrade Chou En-lai undertook the task of organizing an insurrection in Shanghai to help the Nationalist Army seize the city. Within a month Chiang Kai-shek organised his counter revolution and massacred over five thousand people, mainly members of the workers' militia, in Shanghai. The Communist Party was outlawed and every leader of the Party he could lay his hands on was executed by Chiang Kai-shek. Comrade Chou En-lai was also captured and sentenced to death, but he managed to escape. The same year he was elected to the Polit Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

Four years later, he broke Chiang's blockade and entered Kiangsi and Fukien where he became Political Commissar of the Red Army and later Vice-Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council.

During the historic 6000-mile Long March from Southern Kiangsi to North Shensi which lasted a year, Comrade Chou En-lai led the troops during some of the most critical phases of the March.
After the Japanese imperialist aggression on China, despite all the appeals of the Communist Party for a united front to resist the Japanese aggressors, Chiang continued his anti-Communist campaign. But soon Chiang Kai-shek was forced to negotiate and it was Comrade Chou En-lai who led the Communist delegation to the talks.

At the successful end of the war, Chiang Kai-shek revived his anti-Communist campaign and continued it till he was forced to flee China. The People's Republic of China came into existence on October 1, 1949, with Comrade Chou En-lai as Premier. In the year after that he proved himself to be a great Communist statesman whether it was at Geneva during the talks on Indo-China in 1954 or in Bandung at the Afro-Asian Conference.

Comrade Chou En-lai visited many countries of Asia and Africa and the C.C. remembers that during his visit to our country in 1956 he, as the symbol of the Chinese Revolution, was given an acclamation by our people rarely given to foreign dignitaries. It was during this historic visit that Premier Chou En-lai together with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru enunciated the Panch Sheel, the five principles of co-existence.

The C.C. also remembers that his second visit to India in 1960 was under totally different circumstances. Tension had developed on the. India-China border and Comrade Chou En-lai came with proposals to solve the disputes between India and China and restore normalcy in the relations between the two neighbouring countries. Anti-imperialists and progressives in India and all over the world looked forward to positive results from the talks, but unfortunately that did not happen.
In the death of Comrade Chou En-lai, the Chinese people, the Communist Party of China and the world Communist movement have lost a dedicated proletarian revolutionary.

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) once again pays its homage to Comrade Chou En-lai and conveys its heartfelt condolences to the Communist Party of China and to Comrade Teng Ying-chao, Comrade Chou En-lai's life partner.

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) in another resolution, strongly protested against the West Bengal Government banning a hall meeting called in Calcutta on January 16, 1976, to mourn the death of Comrade Chou En-lai.

[Reproduced from "GANASHAKTI" of February 1, 1976]

Source: Documents of the Communist movement in India Vol.17, ed. by Jyoti Basu, National Book Agency. Transcribed by www.wengewwang.org.
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2010-01-28 02:19 | [楼 主]
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how sad. chou was a reactionary and enemy of the people. the west and inperialists loved him
  
  
  

 
 
顶端 Posted: 2017-01-15 19:35 | 1 楼
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